Peripheral Leg Artery Disease (PAD)

Peripheral Leg Artery Disease (PAD) is a condition associated blockage in the arteries. Commonly, it occurs in the legs but can also occur in the neck, arm, or kidney arteries.
PAD is due to cholesterol or plaque buildup in the arteries. It is often without symptoms but may cause leg discomfort and even leg amputation. It is one of most common causes of leg/foot amputation in the U.S

Common symptoms of Peripheral Leg Artery Disease (PAD)

  • Often Symptomatic
  • Intermittent claudication: pain, aching, cramping, heavy or tired legs that are caused by exercise and relieved by rest
  • Leg pain or discomfort at rest in more advanced PAD
  • Sores (Ulcers) or gangrene in the foot

Causes of Peripheral Leg Artery Disease (PAD)

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • High Cholesterol
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Unhealthy Diet
  • Sedentary Lifestyle

How to diagnose Peripheral Leg Artery Disease (PAD)

  • Physical Examination
  • Ankle Brachial Index (ABI) and Pulse Volume Recording (PVR)
  • Leg Arterial Sonogram/Doppler
  • Leg Artery Angiogram
  • How to treat Peripheral Leg Artery Disease (PAD)
  • Lifestyle Modification
  • Medications
  • Exercise Program
  • Angioplasty and Stent
  • Bypass Surgery

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