Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis is a condition associated with blood clots forming in the major veins, most often in the legs. Blood clots can form in the legs if the blood is thicker than usual, slowing of the blood due to blockages or injury to the leg. Blood clots prevent the blood from getting out of the leg veins and can lead to painful congestion in the legs. The congestion in the veins can also cause discoloration and breakdown of the skin.
If the blood clot in the leg breaks off, it can travel to the lung and block the blood flow in the lung. This is called a pulmonary embolism. Pulmonary embolism can cause shortness of breath, coughing chest pain, rapid heart rate or dizziness.Some people can have a pulmonary embolism and have no symptoms.
Common Symptoms of DVT
- Leg and ankle swelling
- Leg pain, cramping, heaviness, tiredness, and achiness that worsen upon standing or sitting and progresses toward the end of day
- Skin color change (red, brown or tanned), also called “Venous Stasis Hyperpigmentation”
- Skin redness, itchiness, and dryness, also called “Venous Stasis Dermatitis”
- Skin hardening like a wood (“Induration”)
- Sores (ulcers) mostly oozing, also called “Venous Stasis Ulcer”
Causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Long periods of inactivity such as a long trip or bed rest due to any medical condition.
- Iliac Vein Compression
- Recent Surgery or Injury
- Thick Blood
- Heart Failure
- Hormone Contraception + Smoking
How to diagnose Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Leg Venous Sonogram/Doppler
How to treat Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- Blood Thinner
- Compression Stockings
- Pneumatic Compression Pump
- Balloon Angioplasty/Stent