Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)
Chronic venous insufficiency is a very common condition when the blood doesn’t travel up the leg to heart properly. Blood can flow backward and pool in the legs. Although this condition is not life-threatening, it can be life-limiting and a very painful condition.
Common symptoms of chronic venous insufficiency:
- Spider Veins
- Varicose veins (dilated and engorged veins)
- Leg and ankle swelling
- Leg pain, cramping, heaviness, tiredness, and achiness that worsen upon standing or sitting, and progresses toward the end of the day.
- Skin color change (red, brown or tanned), also called “venous stasis hyperpigmentation”
- Skin redness, itchiness, and dryness, (venous stasis dermatitis or cellulitis).
- Skin hardening like a wood (induration).
- Sores (ulcers) mostly oozing, (venous stasis ulcer).
Common causes of chronic venous insufficiency
- Mostly hereditary (you are born with the genes)
- A clot in a vein
- Leg injury or surgery
- Prolonged standing or sitting
How to diagnose chronic venous insufficiency
- Leg Venous Sonogram
- Treatments for chronic venous insufficiency
- Compression Stockings
- Exercise, losing weight, leg elevation
- Ambulatory phlebectomy for varicose veins
- Endovenous Laser Ablation